Chicago Style

Style Guides

Citation Examples:

Back to Writing & Citing

What is Chicago style?

Chicago style refers to citation guidelines developed by the University of Chicago Press.

How does Chicago Style work?

The Chicago style includes guidelines for two different systems of citing sources. The first, most often used by humanities disciplines, uses notes (either footnotes or endnotes) which point to entries in a bibliography. The second, most often used in the physical, natural and social sciences, uses author-date citations in the text of the paper, with corresponding entries in a reference list.

Examples

Book

In-text Citation:

Shakespeare's King Lear deals with many aspects of family relationships.1

Note:

1Ricard Fallon, Theatergoer's Guide to Shakespeare (Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2001), 9.

Bibliography entry:

Fallon, Richard Thomas. A Theatergoer's Guide to Shakespeare. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2001.

Journal Article

In-text Citation:

Spangler compares Steinbeck's and Kerouac's observations of cotton-picking.1

Note:

1. Jason Spangler, "We're on the Road to Nowhere: Steinbeck and Kerouac, and the Legacy of the Great Depression," Studies in the Novel 40, no. 3 (2008): 313.

Bibliography entry:

Spangler, Jason. "We're on the Road to Nowhere: Steinbeck and Kerouac, and the Legacy of the Great Depression." Studies in the Novel 40, no. 3 (2008): 308-327.

Electronic Journal Article

In-text Citation:

Spangler compares Steinbeck's and Kerouac's observations of cotton-picking.1

Note:

1. Jason Spangler, "We're on the Road to Nowhere: Steinbeck and Kerouac, and the Legacy of the Great Depression," Studies in the Novel 40, no. 3 (2008): 313.

Bibliography entry:

Spangler, Jason. "We're on the Road to Nowhere: Steinbeck and Kerouac, and the Legacy of the Great Depression." Studies in the Novel 40 (2008): 308-327, http://search.proquest.com/docview/212706977?accountid=13803 (accessed June 8, 2009).

Website

In-text Citation:

Wilson discusses Euripides' treatment of Medea.1

Note:

1. Andrew Wilson, "Women's Life in Greece," The Classics Pages, http://www.users.globalnet.co.uk/%7Eloxias/greek.htm (accessed August 7, 2009).

Bibliography entry:

Wilson, Andrew. "Women's Life in Greece." The Classics Pages. http://www.users.globalnet.co.uk/%7Eloxias/greek.htm.

Author-date system

Book

In-text Citation:

The Nazi attitude toward Poland reflects the historical attitude of Prussia towards that country (Mazower 2008, 19).

Reference list entry:

Mazower, Mark. 2008. Hitler's empire: Nazi rule in occupied Europe. London: Allen Lane.

Journal Article

In-text Citation:

In 2001, there were at least five anti-EU parties in Poland (Beichelt 2004, 39).

Reference list entry:

Beichelt, Timm. 2004. "Euro-skepticism in the E-U accession countries." Comparative European Politics 2 (1): 29-50.

Electronic Journal Article

In-text Citation:

Spangler compares Steinbeck's and Kerouac's observations of cotton-picking (Spangler 2008, 313).

Reference list entry:

Spangler, Jason. 2008. "We're on the road to nowhere: Steinbeck and Kerouac, and the legacy of the Great Depression." Studies in the Novel 40 : 308-327. http://search.proquest.com/docview/212706977?accountid=13803.

Website

In-text Citation:

Wilson discusses Euripides' treatment of Medea (2009).

Reference list entry:

Wilson, Andrew. "Women's Life in Greece." The Classics Pages. http://www.users.globalnet.co.uk/%7Eloxias/greek.htm.

More Information

For more information on Chicago style, see The Chicago Manual of Style which is available at the Library Reference desk, or go to: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/01/.